Transplant SurgeryIn a transplant surgery, the surgeon removes an organ from another person and places it in the patient’s body. The recipient is the patient and the donor is the person from whom the healthy organ is taken. When because of disease or injury the patient’s organ has stopped working or not functioning well a transplant surgery may be done.
Some of the most common organ transplant surgeries done at our network hospitals
- Kidney Transplant
- Pancreas Transplant
- Liver Transplant
- Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)
For an organ transplant surgery not all the patients are suitable. Both for the donor and the recipient all the necessary investigations are carried out. Moreover, the donor must be a close (first degree) relative or family member only in India, for a living donor transplant surgery. The Organ Transplant Team determines the suitability of the donor for the donation after studying the various aspects and performing a series of medical tests.
Kidney TransplantationOur kidneys are a vital organ of the body and perform various important functions. The kidneys by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes clean the blood. Kidneys also keep the bones strong and your blood healthy by make hormones. Harmful wastes build up in your body when your kidneys fail, also your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. A kidney transplant surgery may be required when such problems arise. By far the most commonly needed and transplanted organ is Kidney, with a large number of people in many countries currently waiting for a kidney transplant surgery. For living donor kidney transplant in India there is no waiting time and moreover when compared to other medical travel destinations or developed countries the cost of kidney transplant in India is much lower.
Pancreas TransplantationWhen a diseased pancreas of patient with diabetes is replaced with a healthy pancreas from a donor it is termed as a pancreas transplant surgery. The patient is given a chance to become independent of insulin injections by Pancreas transplants.
The pancreas secretes a substance called insulin which helps in maintaining blood-sugar level in the body. The pancreas does not produce enough, or sometimes any, insulin In people with type 1 diabetes, due to which the glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in high blood-sugar levels.
A pancreas transplant can eliminate the need for insulin shots by curing diabetes. However like any other organ transplant surgery there are some risks involved in a Pancreas Transplant surgery. Since a Pancreas Transplant is a major surgery it should be kept in mind that people with diabetes have a high-than-normal risk of heart disease and other complications. People who have had a pancreas transplant will need to take several medicines for the rest of their lives and these medicines have serious side effects.
For patients who also have cancer history,hepatitis, lung disease, morbid obesity, severe heart disease, smoking, alcohol or drug abuse, or other lifestyle habits a Pancreas transplant surgery may not be recommended as these can damage the new organ. If there is concern that the patient will not be able to comply with the many follow-up visits, tests, and medications the doctor may also recommend against pancreas transplant as they are needed to keep the transplanted organ healthy.
Type 1 Diabetes that is difficult to manage and control is the most common reason for a pancreas transplant. Regardless of how diligent the patient is in following the doctor's instructions in some patients, insulin, diet and exercise does not control blood glucose levels. Kidney damage can result from uncontrolled diabetes, so in the future a pancreas transplant may actually prevent the need for a kidney transplant. A Pancreas Transplant may be the available option for these patients.
Liver TransplantationLiver performs many vital functions in our body like fighting infections and cleaning the blood in our body. Liver also helps digest food and stores energy. a liver transplant surgery might be required if liver fails. When other treatments cannot get the damaged liver working a liver transplant may be prescribed by the doctor. Cirrhosis is the most common cause for liver transplantation in adults. In this disease healthy liver cells are killed and replaced with scar tissue.
Bone Marrow TransplantationA type of cells, called stem cells, that are normally found in the bone marrow are taken out, filtered, and given back either to the same person or to another person in a bone marrow transplant procedure. The bone marrow is responsible for the production of blood cells, this bone marrow can be affected with leukemia and aplastic anemia causing disruption in the blood of the body. Healthy stem cells are in put place of the unhealthy cells or damaged cells in a bone marrow transplant
Diseases treated using Stem cell Transplantation procedure
- Non malignant Malignant
- Thalassemia Acute leukemia
- Aplastic anemia
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Immunodeficiency disorders
- Myelodysplastic syndrome
- Fanconi's anemia
- Multiple myeloma
- Sickle cell disease
- Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma
- Hodgkins lymphoma
- Ewing's sarcoma
- Mixed germ cell tumor
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