Hip Resurfacing SurgerySome of the finest Hip Resurfacing Surgery centres can be found in India. Our network hospitals in India with an expert and vast experienced medical team are doing some great work in this field. Some of the physicians and operating surgeons have been trained under the guidance of inventors of this procedure.
A Hip Resurfacing surgery is also a joint replacement procedure like a Hip Replacement surgery, the only difference lies in the kind of implant used and the technique / way a Hip Resurfacing procedure is performed.
Lets understand the anatomy of the hip joint structure, for better understanding of the differences between a Hip Replacement Surgery and a Hip Resurfacing Surgery. A hip joint is a Ball and Socket joint, consisting of the acetabulum (concave surface) of the Pelvic bone (the hip bone) and the Femur (the thigh bone). The head of the femur bone is the Ball and the concave surface of the pelvic bone or the hip bone is the socket. The most important functions performed by this joint are supporting the weight of the body in both in standing and walking or running postures and helping in the movement of the legs.
A severe pain in the hip may be caused by many conditions including fractures, muscle strain, tendonitis, arthritis etc. The most common causes for a hip pain is Arthritis. Your doctor may give you an option of a hip replacement or a hip resurfacing surgery, when this severe pain cannot be helped through the conservative methods like medications, physiotherapy, weight loss, excercises etc. Hip resurfacing was developed much after hip replacement procedure and it was developed as a surgical alternative for Hip replacement.
What is the difference between a Hip Joint Resurfacing Surgery and a traditional Total Hip Replacement Surgery?1) The way the implant/prosthesis is fixed during the surgery make the primary or the basic difference between both the procedures.
- In a Hip Resurfacing Surgery the head of the femur bone (thigh bone) is preserved, while in a Hip replacement surgery, the head of the femur bone is completely cut. Hip resurfacing is thus also called as a bone preserving method.
- In Hip Resurfacing method, the cartilaginous tissue on the head of the femur is just capped off, while in hip replacement surgery in the head of the femur is not just capped off, instead, it is completely replaced with a metal ball.
- In hip resurfacing method, after the capping off, a metal cap is fitted on the smooth head of the femur and inside the pelvic girdle where the head of femur fits in the socket (acetabulum) of the pelvic girdle a metal cup is placed. The metal cup and cap allow smooth and free movement. While in a hip replacement surgery, a prosthetic ball along with a stem is inserted in the thigh bone.
3) The recovery time in case of a hip resurfacing surgery is less as compared to hip replacement surgery.
4) In comparison to a hip resurfacing surgery, in a conventional hip replacement surgery the metal and plastic implants are most commonly used implant , while in resurfacing ‘metal on metal’ bearing is used.
Top 5 Advantages of a Hip Resurfacing Surgery
- 1) In a hip resurfacing surgery implants lasts for longer time as an anatomical sized ‘metal on metal’ bearing implant or prosthesis is used.
- 2) A hip replacement procedure has risk associated with dislocation of the implant, limiting certain activities of the patient, while in resurfacing patients post operatively are encouraged to lead an active life.
- 3) In hip replacement the head and neck of the thigh bone is completely removed, while no bone is removed in this operation.
- 4) After hip resurfacing, the quality of bone actually improves with time and this makes a revision surgery easier if at all needed, unlike the very complicated situation in a revision Total Hip Replacement surgery.
- 5) as compared to a hip replacement surgery , this procedure ensures quicker recovery and hence shorter hospital stay.
RisksA hip resurfacing surgery also has some associated risks, similar to any other major surgery. Still these risks are minimized owing to the advancement in the technology and implant design and composition. Some of the associated risks are:
- Infection: to minimize the risk of infection, patients are given antibiotics before surgery and for 24 hours after surgery.
- Blood clots: also referred to as pulmonary embolism, blood-thinning medication given to patients for same.
- Joint dislocation : revision surgery may be required for this.
- Need to wear a raised shoe on the shorter side to correct your balance in case of your leg being slightly shorter or longer.
- Prosthesis loosening: You may need further surgery to correct this.
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- Hospital Stay in a Private Room as indicated above. One attendant can stay with the patient.
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- Routine lab tests
- Admitting Consultant's visit charges
- Surgeon’s Fees and OT Charges
- Cost of the implant/prosthesis
- Hospital stay after the said period.
- Visit charges after the said period.
- Cross consultations, if any.
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